How to Get a Job at NASA: Eligibility, Requirement & Qualification

Get a Job at NASA: Are you dreaming of a career that takes you beyond Earth’s boundaries and allows you to explore the wonders of space? NASA offers an exceptional opportunity to make your dreams come true.

Working for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) means being at the forefront of scientific innovation, space exploration, and groundbreaking discoveries.

Here you can learn how to apply for a job at NASA, including eligibility criteria, positions available, education requirements, the application process, and more. So, let’s embark on this cosmic journey and discover how you can secure a fulfilling career at NASA

Eligibility and Requirements:

To be eligible to get a job at NASA, you need to meet certain criteria. While specific positions may have additional requirements, here are the general eligibility criteria to keep in mind:


As NASA is a U.S. government agency, most positions require U.S. citizenship. However, there may be some exceptions for specific roles that allow non-U.S. citizens with relevant skills and expertise.  You should review each job posting to determine if you are eligible to apply.

Age Limit –

NASA does not have a specific age limit for employees. If you meet the qualifications, you may apply for a position regardless of your age.

Background Checks:

NASA conducts thorough background checks, including criminal and security screenings, to ensure the integrity and safety of its operations. Applicants must be prepared to undergo these checks as part of the selection process.

Education and Experience:

NASA offers a wide range of positions, each with its own educational requirements. While a bachelor’s degree in a relevant field is often a minimum requirement, advanced degrees, certifications, and prior experience can enhance your chances of securing certain positions. Relevant disciplines include physics, aerospace engineering, computer science, astrophysics, and more.

Available Jobs at NASA:

NASA provides a diverse array of career opportunities across multiple disciplines. Here are some of the major job categories available at NASA, these are also the best opportunities to get a job at NASA:


The most iconic and sought-after role at NASA is that of an astronaut. Astronaut candidates undergo rigorous training and selection processes before they can embark on space missions. This role requires exceptional physical fitness, scientific expertise, and the ability to work in extreme conditions.


NASA employs engineers in various fields, including aerospace, mechanical, electrical, and software engineering. The professionals in this field develop and operate spacecraft, rockets, and other cutting-edge technologies. Engineers at NASA work on projects such as designing propulsion systems, developing robotics, and ensuring the safety and reliability of space vehicles.

Science and Research:

Scientists at NASA work in fields such as astrophysics, planetary science, Earth science, heliophysics, and more. They conduct research, analyze data, and make significant contributions to our understanding of the universe.

These professionals may be involved in studying celestial objects, climate patterns, or the effects of space travel on the human body.

Mission Operations:

Mission operators play a vital role in planning and executing space missions. They ensure the smooth operation of spacecraft, monitor systems and manage mission objectives. Mission operators work closely with astronauts and ground-based teams to ensure the success of space missions.

Project Management:

NASA requires skilled project managers to oversee and coordinate complex projects, ensuring they are completed on time and within budget. Project managers work across various disciplines to bring together teams and resources, ensuring effective communication, risk management, and adherence to project objectives.

Educational Qualifications:

While educational requirements may vary depending on the position, having a strong educational background in a relevant field is essential to increase your chances to get a job at NASA. Here are the general educational qualifications for NASA positions:

Bachelor’s Degree:

A bachelor’s degree in a science, technology, engineering, or mathematics (STEM) field is often a minimum requirement. Relevant disciplines include physics, aerospace engineering, computer science, astrophysics, and more. It is important to pursue a degree program that aligns with your desired career path at NASA.

Advanced Degrees:

Pursuing a master’s or PhD degree can significantly enhance your prospects, especially for specialized research positions. Advanced degrees demonstrate a high level of expertise and dedication to the field. They also provide opportunities for more in-depth research and specialization in areas relevant to NASA’s work.

Certifications and Specialized Training:

Depending on the role, specific certifications or specialized training may be advantageous. For example, engineers may benefit from certifications in specific software tools, such as computer-aided design (CAD) or programming languages relevant to spacecraft systems. 

For project managers who want to demonstrate their competence in managing complex projects, they can get project management certifications, such as the Project Management Professional (PMP). Certifications and Specialized Training in your profile will crucial to get a job at NASA.

It is crucial to stay updated on the latest educational requirements for specific positions by referring to the job postings and NASA’s official website. Additionally, gaining practical experience through internships, research projects, or co-op programs can give you a competitive edge when applying for NASA positions. These opportunities allow you to apply your knowledge, work with cutting-edge technologies, and network with professionals in the field.

Step By Step Process to Get a Job at NASA:

To apply for a position at NASA and to get a job at NASA, follow these steps to navigate the application process:

Research Job Openings:

Visit NASA’s official website and explore their job portal to stay updated on current openings. Filter the search based on your skills, interests, and desired location. Search for positions that match your qualifications and career goals.

Review Job Descriptions:

Carefully read the job descriptions to understand the specific requirements, responsibilities, and qualifications for each position. Pay close attention to the required education, experience, technical skills, and any additional qualifications or certifications mentioned.

Tailor Your Application:

Customize your resume, cover letter, and any additional application materials to highlight your relevant qualifications and experiences. Emphasize any specific projects, internships, or research experiences that showcase your expertise.

Submit Your Application:

Follow the instructions provided on the job portal to submit your application materials. Ensure that you meet the application deadlines and provide all the required documents, such as transcripts, certifications, or letters of recommendation. Double-check your application for any errors or inconsistencies before submission.

Prepare for Interviews:

If your application stands out, you may be invited for an interview. Research common interview questions and prepare thoughtful responses that showcase your knowledge, skills, and passion for space exploration.

Highlight your ability to work in teams, problem-solving capabilities, adaptability, and your eagerness to contribute to NASA’s mission.

Background Checks and Medical Evaluations:

Successful candidates will undergo background checks, including criminal and security screenings. Additionally, candidates for certain positions, such as astronauts, may undergo extensive medical evaluations to assess their physical fitness and health. Cooperate fully with these processes and provide any necessary documentation or information.

Follow-up and Patience:

Follow up with NASA’s HR department if you haven’t heard back within a reasonable timeframe after you submit your application. Be patient throughout the selection process, as it may take time for NASA to review applications and make decisions. Maintain a professional and positive attitude throughout the process.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1: Can I get a job at NASA if I’m not a U.S. citizen?

A1: While most positions at NASA require U.S. citizenship, there may be exceptions for specific roles that allow non-U.S. citizens with valuable skills and expertise.  Non-US citizens should review each job posting to see if they are eligible to apply. Additionally, non-U.S. citizens may explore opportunities through NASA’s international collaboration programs or seek employment at partner space agencies in their respective countries.

Q2: Is it necessary to have prior experience to get a job at NASA?

A2: While prior experience can be beneficial, it is not always mandatory. NASA offers opportunities for both entry-level and experienced professionals. Emphasize relevant coursework, internships, research projects, and other experiences that demonstrate your capabilities and passion for the field. Participating in hands-on projects, conducting independent research, or collaborating with professors in your academic journey can provide valuable experience that enhances your application.

Q3: How competitive is the selection process for NASA positions?

A3: NASA job opportunities attract a significant number of qualified applicants, making the selection process highly competitive. It is essential to showcase your unique skills, experiences, and passion to stand out from the competition. Highlight your achievements, leadership roles, and any contributions to the field of space exploration. Building a strong network within the aerospace industry, attending conferences or workshops, and engaging in professional societies related to your field of interest can also provide valuable connections and increase your visibility to NASA recruiters.

Q4: Can I intern at NASA to gain experience before applying for a permanent position?

A4: Yes, NASA offers internship and co-op programs that provide valuable hands-on experience. These programs can enhance your chances of securing a job at NASA by gaining practical knowledge and establishing connections within the organisation. Internships can be an excellent way to demonstrate your dedication, learn about NASA’s operations, and make professional contacts. Participating in NASA’s Pathways Programs or applying for specific internship opportunities through their website can help kickstart your career with the agency.

Q5: What if I don’t meet all the requirements for a specific position?

A5: If you don’t meet all the requirements for a particular position, don’t be discouraged. Focus on gaining relevant experience, pursuing additional education or certifications, and continuously improving your skills. Consider applying for related positions within NASA or other aerospace organizations to gain valuable experience and enhance your qualifications.

Alternatively, you can seek opportunities to collaborate with NASA through research projects, partnerships, or contracted work, which can provide exposure to their work and increase your chances of securing a position in the future.


Remember, the journey towards a career at NASA may require persistence, dedication, and continuous learning. Stay updated on the latest developments in space exploration, network with professionals in the field, and seek opportunities to contribute to the advancement of space science and technology to get a job at NASA. With determination and the right qualifications, you can unlock the doors to a rewarding career at NASA, where you’ll have the opportunity to contribute to groundbreaking discoveries and shape the future of space exploration.

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