The Constitution of India provides the powers and authorities to Constitutional bodies in India, So here we are with an article containing List Of Constitutional Bodies In India which are mentioned in the Constitution.
A constitutional amendment is needed for any change in the mechanism of Constitutional Bodies.
Since they are fueled by the Indian Constitution, any change in the structure of the constitutional bodies would require a constitutional amendment.
List of Constitutional Bodies in India :
Attorney General of India :
He/She is the highest law officer of India mentioned in Article 76 of The Constitution Of India.
Attorney General of India advises the union government on all legal matters, as a chief legal advisor to the government of India.
He/She also represents the Union Government as their primary lawyer in the Supreme Court of India.
The Attorney General of India is ordained by the President of India.
He must have below qualifications :
- Should be an Indian Citizen
- Must have either completed service of 5 years in High Court of any Indian state as a judge or has served 10 years in High Court as an advocate.
- In the eyes of the President, he should be an eminent attorney too.
K.K. Venugopal is the current and the 15th Attorney General Of India.
Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) :
CAG is the apex authority that is responsible to audit external and internal expenses of the National and state governments.
He/She establishes the authority of the office under Article 148 of the Constitution of India.
Girish Chandra Murmu has been appointed as the new Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG.) on On 7th August 2020.
Election Commission :
A permanent and independent body to ensure free and fair elections in the country established by the Constitution of India known as the Election Commission.
Holding the Lok Sabha elections of India is the responsibility of the Election Commission.
Article 324 of the Constitution provides the power of direction, superintendence, and control of elections to parliament, state legislatures, the office of president of India, and the office of vice-president of India to the Election Commission of India.
Finance Commission :
Allocating certain revenue resources between the Union and the State Governments is the purpose of the Finance Commission.
The Indian President established it under Article 280 of the Indian Constitution.
Formed in 1951 it was mainly established to describe the financial relationship with the Centre and States.
National Commission for Scheduled Castes :
To safeguard the interests of the scheduled castes in India the National Commission for Scheduled Castes has been formed.
It provides Scheduled Caste community protection from discrimination and exploitation, as well as providing amenities to uplift the SC community.
It was formed under Article 338 of the constitution of India.
The Current National SC Commission Chairman is Dr. Ram Shankar Katheria.
National Commission for Scheduled Tribes :
There is no definition given by The Constitution of India to Scheduled Tribes.
However, In 2016 it has got recognition as the National Commission of Scheduled Tribes (NCST) formed so various acts like the Protection of Civil Rights (PCR) Act, 1955, and the SC and ST (Prevention of Atrocities) (POA) Act, 1989 and amended it in 2015.
Under Article Article 338 the authority is given to the National Commission of Scheduled Tribes in India to work for its economic development.
89th Constitutional Amendment Act bifurcated the National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes into two different commission :
- National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST)
- National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC)
The present chairman of the National Commission for Scheduled Tribes is Mr. Nand Kumar Sai.
Special officer for Linguistic Minorities :
In 1957 the office of the Special Officer for Linguistic Minorities was created with regards to Article 350-B of the Constitution.
Its responsibility is to monitor and report the working of constitutional safeguards for linguistic minorities.
The Commissioner has been headquartered at Prayagraj (Uttar Pradesh).
Also has the following regional offices :
- Belgaum (Karnataka)
- Chennai (Tamil Nadu)
- Kolkata (West Bengal)
Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) :
We know USPC as an exam but it’s not, it is a constitutional body that is accredited to conduct various exams in the country one of them is the Civil Services Exam.
People say we’re going to give IAS exam but IAS i.e. Indian Administrative Services, but it is one of the posts in the civil services similar to IPS, IFS, and many more.
UPSC is one of the constitutional bodies, Its the central agency which is authorized to conduct various examinations such as :
- Civil Services Examination
- Indian Forest Service Examination
- Engineering Services Examination
- Combined Defence Services Examination
- National Defence Academy Examination
- Naval Academy Examination
- Combined Medical Services Examination
- Special Class Railway Apprentice
- Indian Economic Service/Indian Statistical Service Examination
- Combined Geoscientist and Geologist Examination
- Central Armed Police Forces (Assistant Commandant) Examination
The Articles 315 to 323 of Part XIV of the Constitution of India granted the commission’s approval as mentioned in the constitution.
Pradeep Kumar Joshi has been appointed as the current chairman of UPSC.
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State Public Service Commission :
The establishment of the Public Service Commission for Union as well as State is provided by Articles 315 to 323 in Part XIV of the Constitution of India.
SPSC is responsible for conducting examinations for appointments to the services of the state.
They handle all the matters related to the process of recruitment to civil services and for civil posts.
So here we are with the List Of Constitutional Bodies.
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ALL THE BEST 🙂