Non-Verbal Reasoning And Verbal Reasoning

Today Non-Verbal Reasoning And Verbal Reasoning is a part of every competitive exam, aspirants need to crack this section as it is a very important part of any competitive exam curriculum.

So here we are to make u understand “What are Non-Verbal Reasoning And Verbal Reasoning” in detail.

Non-Verbal Reasoning:

As the name suggests non-verbal means “not using any words” and reasoning means “to find the correct answer”.

So that’s why sometimes it is also termed as Abstract Reasoning because it has no words involved but it involves solving problems in picture form or diagrams (visual).

It presents a variety of skills that are not limited by language and words.

It is to evaluate visual analytical skills.

Tests the ability of a person to analyze and understand visual information and solve problems using visual reasoning.

For example:

Identifying similarities, relationships, and differences between patterns and shapes, recognizing visual sequences and relationships between objects, and remembering these.

Reasons to test :

Non-verbal reasoning is tested because it shows a diversification of skills that are not limited by language and words.

These tests are used to show how people can learn new ideas and how quickly they can focus to find similarities or differences in the information given.

It also tests the decision-making skills of a person that is the reason it is also included in Job Interviews.

Non-verbal reasoning skills are most useful for engineering, science, maths, computing, and design.

Tests often consist of a series of multiple-choice questions. People will be asked to spot the odd one out, the next in the series, or the correct answer in a group of 4 or 5 shapes, diagrams, or pictures.

Some examples :

• 1) B
• 2) C
• 3) B

How To Excel in this section :

These tests are all about understanding the relationships and patterns between objects using logic and deduction and solving questions strategically. Here are some ways you might help sharpen your skills in this area:

• Practice makes perfect!

The more of these types of questions you do, the better you will get. There are tons of good books available for this section in bookshops and online stores.  It is a good way to familiarise yourself with the different types of questions asked in this area. There are also lots of free online mock tests you can try out online.

• Playing strategic games

Playing jigsaw puzzles, the odd one out, Sudoku, etc or reading logic problem books are all forms of non-verbal reasoning questions that will feel more of a treat than a test. Strategic games like chess are also brilliant for decision-making.

• Plan test-technique

Copying the diagrams can sometimes help in spotting differences and connections. Creating notes is also a good way to keep track of numbers in patterns.

• Pay attention to detail.

You should focus on various aspects of the pictures (for example, colors, angles, directions, sizes, or lines) that might help you notice a previously unnoticed pattern or connection.

VERBAL REASONING :

Verbal reasoning is understanding based on concepts drafted in words. It aims to assess the ability to think effectively, rather than at uncomplicated fluency or vocabulary recognition.

Verbal reasoning tests of Intellectual skills assess an individual’s ability to think, reason, and solve problems in multiple ways.

Verbal reasoning tests are mostly used as entrance examinations by schools, colleges, and universities to select the ablest applicants.

They are now also adopted by a growing number of employers as part of the selection and recruitment process. It also helps to assess understanding and comprehension skills.

Types Of Verbal Reasoning :

• Proposition :

A proposition is a statement that conveys a judgment, an opinion, or a fact about a particular thing. A proposition does not have to be a true statement, but it does have to be a statement that can be provable as either true or false using information. A simple statement such as “lions are dangerous” is a type of proposition.

• Premise :

A premise is a proposition that will justify or generate a conclusion. Moreover, the premise is an assumption that something is true.

For example, a statement such as “Derek has no car and therefore won’t be able to go to work today,” has two premises which generate the conclusion that Derek won’t be at work. The one premise is “Derek has no car”. The other premise is implicit, and can be explicitly stated as “Derek cannot go to work today unless he has a car”. The logical conclusion following from these both premises, then, is that Derek won’t be able to go to work today.

• Syllogism

A syllogism is a reasoning that consists of premises in order to reach the truth. For example, “Rose is a woman. All women have hair, therefore Rose has hair”. The foundation of a syllogism also depends on how truthful or factual the premises are.

• Verbal analogies

Verbal analogies are differentiation between two subjects or concepts based on their connections (ex. similarities). An example of this is, “fire is to hot, as ice is to cold”.

These tests are mostly used in the recruitment and selection process for posts in many industries, such as banking, engineering, management consulting, finance, mining, and accounting.

The tests are meant to used as an effective way to shortlist candidates for further stages of the recruitment process, such as interviews.

When used in the selection and recruitment process, the tests generally include an array of text passages concerning a random topic. Then there will be a sequence of statements regarding the passages.

The candidate must then decides if the statement is true, false or they can’t tell.

The candidate is not expected to know anything about these random topics, and the answer is to be based solely on the information given in the passage.