Thesis Topics For General Surgery

General Surgery is a speciality that diagnoses, treats and cares for patients with various surgical conditions. This article discusses thesis topics for general Surgery for postgraduate students.

The general surgeon performs a wide range of surgical procedures, including abdominal, thoracic, vascular, and reconstructive Surgery.

List of the Best Thesis topics for General Surgery

General Surgery is a highly complex field with many topics to explore. Thesis topics in general Surgery can range from basic research on surgical techniques and procedures to more advanced topics such as robotics and artificial intelligence in Surgery.

Following are some potential dissertation topics for postgraduate students in Surgery:

  1. A Study Of Minimally Invasive Surgery Procedures For The Treatment Of Gastrointestinal Disorders.

This study aims to determine the safety and effectiveness of minimally invasive surgeries for treating gastrointestinal conditions.

The study will include a review of existing literature on the topic. In addition, it will examine the outcomes of different minimally invasive procedures, such as endoscopic and laparoscopic Surgery, in treating gastrointestinal disorders.

The cost-effectiveness of these approaches compared to more conventional surgical techniques will also be examined, as well as their potential to shorten postoperative recovery durations.

The study will assess additional possible dangers connected to minimally invasive treatments, such as infection or difficulties brought on by the practitioner’s inexperience.

The study will also examine how these operations affect patients’ happiness and quality of life.

Also Read: Thesis Topics In Obstetrics And Gynecology In AIIMS

  1. Role Of VATS (Video Assisted Thoracic Surgery) In The Management Of Mediastinal Tumors.

The use of VATS (Video Assisted Thoracic Surgery) as a less invasive method to treat mediastinal malignancies has grown in popularity. Compared to a conventional open thoracotomy, it has various benefits, including better mediastinum visualization, smaller incisions, shorter hospital stays, and fewer problems.

VATS has been successfully used to diagnose, stage, and treat mediastinal tumours, including thymus, lymph nodes, and chest wall. It is also used to perform biopsies of mediastinal masses and resection tumours.

In conclusion, VATS has become an important tool in managing mediastinal tumours, providing improved visualization and accuracy of diagnosis and reducing complications and postoperative pain.

  1. Effect Of Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy On Coagulation Profile Of Patients With Breast Cancer.

According to studies, neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) can significantly alter the coagulation profile of breast cancer patients. Patients using NAC may specifically notice a decline in platelet count, haemoglobin concentration, and hematocrit levels.

In addition, clotting factors like fibrinogen, factor V, and prothrombin may decrease as a result of NAC. Additionally, procoagulant proteins such as factor VII, factor VIII, and von Willebrand factor can increase as a result of NAC.

  1. A Systematic Review Of The Role Of Telemedicine In General Surgery

A rapidly developing area of medical practice called telemedicine enables doctors to treat patients remotely using tools like video conferencing, remote monitoring, and electronic medical records. The medical speciality of general Surgery includes both invasive and non-invasive procedures.

Understanding telemedicine’s function in general Surgery is crucial, given its potential to increase access to treatment, lower costs, and boost the quality of care. Therefore, this systematic review’s objective was to find studies that assessed the place of telemedicine in general Surgery.

  1. The Role Of Non-Acid Reflux In Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease

Non-acid reflux plays an important role in developing gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD). GORD is a disorder in which stomach contents, including acid and bile, travel back up into the esophagus and can cause irritation and damage to the lining of the oesophagus.

GORD can also be exacerbated by non-acid reflux, which includes the backflow of stomach substances, including pepsin, bile, and airborne allergens. Even when the lower oesophageal sphincter (LES) is working adequately, non-acid reflux can still happen and is regarded to be more harmful to the oesophageal lining than acid reflux.

Non-acid reflux is regarded to be more challenging to diagnose and treat than acid reflux and has been related to an increased risk of oesophageal cancer. Treatment for non-acid reflux usually entails lifestyle changes, such as avoiding specific activities, cutting out particular meals and drinks, raising the head of the bed, and taking over-the-counter drugs.

  1. An Analysis Of Robotic-Assisted Surgery Outcomes In The Treatment Of Cancer

In recent years, various forms of cancer have become more and more popular candidates for robotic-assisted Surgery. Compared to typical open Surgery, this type of Surgery has several advantages, including being frequently less intrusive, providing more precision, and producing quicker recovery times. Understanding the results of robotically assisted Surgery when used to treat cancer is the aim of this analysis.

To begin, a literature review was conducted to identify studies that evaluated the outcomes of robotic-assisted Surgery when used to treat cancer. A total of eleven studies were identified, all of which were conducted between 2007 and 2020. Each study was analyzed to assess the outcomes of robotic-assisted Surgery for cancer treatment.

Overall, the research findings imply that robotic Surgery may successfully treat some malignancies. The trials revealed that for several cancer types, such as colon, prostate, and bladder tumours, robotic-assisted Surgery had equivalent or better results than conventional open Surgery.

  1. A Comparative Analysis Of Laparoscopic And Open Surgery In The Treatment Of Appendicitis

Millions of individuals worldwide suffer from appendicitis, a potentially fatal inflammatory illness of the vermiform appendix. The preferred course of treatment for this illness is appendix removal surgery. This has traditionally been accomplished through open Surgery. However, laparoscopic Surgery has grown in popularity during the past several years.

In open Surgery, the appendix is manually removed through an incision in the abdominal wall. The advantages of this approach include a shorter operative time, a lower risk of postoperative complications, and a lower risk of recurrence.

However, open Surgery also has some downsides. It is associated with a higher risk of infection, more pain and discomfort during recovery, and a longer recovery time.

  1. An Observational Study Of Chest Trauma

In the US, chest trauma is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity. This study intends to look into the clinical traits, consequences, and epidemiology of chest trauma in a sizable community-based population.

Retrospective chart reviews of patients admitted to a community hospital with chest trauma over three years will be used to gather data. In addition, records will be kept on the patient’s clinical characteristics, results, and demographic data.

Mortality will be the main outcome indicator. The length of the stay, the complication rates, and the functional status upon discharge will be used as secondary outcome measures. This study’s findings will be used in clinical practice to direct care of chest damage patients and pinpoint areas that require improvement.

  1. Evaluation Of The Role Of Cyanoacrylate Glue In The Management Of Fistula In Ano

Using cyanoacrylate glue as a treatment for anus fistulas has shown encouraging results. According to studies, using this adhesive may speed up healing while also reducing the amount of time a fistula takes to repair. This adhesive has been proven effective when conventional medical care has been ineffective or unavailable.

The fistula site is treated topically with cyanoacrylate glue, which is then given time to dry. According to popular belief, the glue secures the fistula and prevents the contents from seeping out again. This may lessen infection and inflammation.

  1. A Clinical Study Of Pancreatitis Due To Gall Stone Disease

Gallstone disease is a condition when the gallbladder or bile ducts get blocked with gallstones. These gallstones may result in pancreatitis, an inflammation of the pancreas. Pancreatitis symptoms include stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, and fever.

The most common course of action for treating pancreatitis brought on by gallstone disease is Surgery to remove the gallstones and antibiotics to treat any infection. The use of medicines to dissolve gallstones is occasionally possible. The gallstones must be surgically removed if they are too big to disintegrate.

  1. A Clinical Study Of Post Operative Complications Of Thyroidectomy

Postoperative complications of thyroidectomy can include bleeding, infection, hypercalcemia, hyperparathyroidism, and recurrent laryngeal nerve damage. Other rare complications include airway obstruction, vocal cord paralysis, and damage to the parathyroid glands. Also:

Bleeding: Bleeding is the most common complication of thyroidectomy, which can be caused by damage to adjacent vessels.

Infection: Infection is usually caused by bacteria in the surgical site.

Hypocalcemia: Hypocalcemia is a decrease in the concentration of calcium in the blood, which can occur due to damage to the parathyroid glands during the procedure.

Hypoparathyroidism: Hypoparathyroidism is a decrease in parathyroid hormone production, which can lead to a decrease in calcium levels in the blood.

  1. A Clinical Study Of Various Prognosis Factors For Better Management Of Diabetic Foot

A typical side effect of diabetes is diabetic foot, which is brought on by peripheral neuropathy, poor blood flow, and infection that can result in foot ulcers. The severity of the disease, the patient’s age, the existence of underlying disorders, the standard of medical care, lifestyle factors, and the patient’s general state of health are only a few of the variables that affect the diabetic foot prognosis.

This clinical trial aims to assess the many prognostic characteristics that might be connected to better diabetic foot treatment. Retrospective analysis of patient medical records with the diabetic foot will be part of the study, which will also evaluate the relationship between numerous prognostic indicators and more effective disease management.

For the creation of specialized treatment regimens for people with diabetic feet, the study’s findings will be a vital source of knowledge.


Themes of these thesis topics for general Surgery span from the practical to the theoretical. Research on novel surgical techniques, the creation of medical devices, and clinical trials are examples of practical themes.

Theoretical subjects could investigate new developments in surgical practice, relevant moral and legal concerns, or the social and cultural effects of Surgery. The thesis should examine a significant and pertinent problem in the field of General Surgery.

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